Assistive Technologies (18)

Ways in which technology can assist persons with disabilities

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Themes
  • Privacy
  • Accountability
  • Transparency and Explainability
  • Human Control of Technology
  • Professional Responsibility
  • Promotion of Human Values
  • Fairness and Non-discrimination
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Technologies
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  • Immersive Technology
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  • Year
    • 1916 - 1966
    • 1968 - 2018
    • 2019 - 2069
  • Duration
  • 11 min
  • Kinolab
  • 1993
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Interface: The Virtual Extension of the Self

Geordie uses a brain-computer interface, which projects his consciousness into a mobile avatar controlled by his neural impulses, to explore distant ships. This humanoid avatar is able to perform tasks that go beyond human capabilities, such as shooting phaser beams from the hands. However, upon discovering the dead crew of the Raman, it is revealed that the lines separating his virtual reality and true reality are blurred.

  • Kinolab
  • 1993
  • 5 min
  • MIT Tech Review
  • 2020
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AI Summarisation

The Semantic Scholar is a new AI program which has been trained to read through scientific papers and provide a unique one sentence summary of the paper’s content. The AI has been trained with a large data set focused on learning how to process natural language and summarise it. The ultimate idea is to use technology to help learning and synthesis happen more quickly, especially for figure such as politicians.

  • MIT Tech Review
  • 2020
  • 20 min
  • MIT Press
  • 2018
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Robotic Proxies and Telepresence: “Different Seas” by Alastair Reynolds

Lilith, a contract laborer, ends up in a dangerous situation when the self-driving ship she rides malfunctions. Kyleen, a human who has undergone a human-editing networking process called “meshing,” is able to control a proxy robot via a brain-computer interface to help Lilith get to her destination safely.

  • MIT Press
  • 2018
  • 3 min
  • TechCrunch
  • 2021
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Startups at CES showed how tech can help elderly people and their caregivers

This article presents several case studies of technologies introduced at CES which are specifically designed to help elderly people continue to live independently, mostly using smartphones and internets of things to monitor both the home environment and the physical health of the occupant.

  • TechCrunch
  • 2021
  • 7 min
  • VentureBeat
  • 2021
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Salesforce researchers release framework to test NLP model robustness

New research and code was released in early 2021 to demonstrate that the training data for Natural Language Processing algorithms is not as robust as it could be. The project, Robustness Gym, allows researchers and computer scientists to approach training data with more scrutiny, organizing this data and testing the results of preliminary runs through the algorithm to see what can be improved upon and how.

  • VentureBeat
  • 2021
  • 51 min
  • TechCrunch
  • 2020
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Artificial Intelligence and Disability

In this podcast, several disability experts discuss the evolving relationship between disabled people, society, and technology. The main point of discussion is the difference between the medical and societal models of disability, and how the medical lens tends to spur technologies with an individual focus on remedying disability, whereas the societal lens could spur technologies that lead to a more accessible world. Artificial Intelligence and machine learning is labelled as inherently “normative” since it is trained on data that comes from a biased society, and therefore is less likely to work in favor of a social group as varied as disabled people. There is a clear need for institutional change in the technology industry to address these problems.

  • TechCrunch
  • 2020
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