Polarization (6)

Public opinion polarization typically associated with recommender systems of social networks and messaging applications.

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Themes
  • Privacy
  • Accountability
  • Transparency and Explainability
  • Human Control of Technology
  • Professional Responsibility
  • Promotion of Human Values
  • Fairness and Non-discrimination
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Technologies
  • AI
  • Big Data
  • Bioinformatics
  • Blockchain
  • Immersive Technology
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  • Year
    • 1916 - 1966
    • 1968 - 2018
    • 2019 - 2069
  • Duration
  • 7 min
  • New York Times
  • 2018
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Youtube, The Great Radicalizer

Youtube’s algorithm suggests increasingly radical recommendations to its users, maximising the amount of time they spend on the platform. The tendency toward inflammatory recommendations often leads to political misinformation.

  • New York Times
  • 2018
  • 11 min
  • Kinolab
  • 2013
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Politics and Digital Mouthpieces

A CGI bear named Waldo is created using computer technology which sees the facial expressions of a comedian and renders it in real-time onto a screen. He is able to insult politicians with little retribution perhaps in part because he does not appear human. This power is harnessed by executives to put up Waldo as a candidate in a political race, where he is able to take part in a debate with real people and does not seem beholden to the same standards. Eventually, Waldo’s “driver” Jamie reveals his own identity, but Waldo continues on as a figure through embodying the voice of another worker in the company.

  • Kinolab
  • 2013
  • 2 min
  • Kinolab
  • 2014
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The Realism and Consequences of “Blocking”

In this brief clip, Matt explains that he was once “blocked” by his wife in real life. In this society, mostly everyone possesses a brain-computer interface. and are thus able to remove anyone they please from their experience of society and the world.

  • Kinolab
  • 2014
  • 4 min
  • TechCrunch
  • 2021
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Social media allowed a shocked nation to watch a coup attempt in real time

On the day of the January 6th insurrection at the U.S Capitol, social media proved to be a valuable tool for telling the narrative of the horrors taking place within the Capitol building. At the same time, social media plays a large role in political polarization, as users can end up on fringe sites where content is tailored to their beliefs and not always true.

  • TechCrunch
  • 2021
  • 10 min
  • The Washington Post
  • 2019
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Are ‘bots’ manipulating the 2020 conversation? Here’s what’s changed since 2016.

After prolonged discussion on the effect of “bots,” or automated accounts on social networks, interfering with the electoral process in America in 2016, many worries surfaced that something similar could happen in 2020. This article details the shifts in strategy for using bots to manipulate political conversations online, from techniques like Inorganic Coordinated Activity or hashtag hijacking. Overall, some bot manipulation in political discourse is to be expected, but when used effectively these algorithmic tools still have to power to shape conversations to the will of their deployers.

  • The Washington Post
  • 2019
  • 6 min
  • CBS News
  • 2021
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Facebook algorithm called into question after whistleblower testimony calls it dangerous

In light of the recent allegations of Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen that the platform irresponsibly breeds division and mental health issues, AI Specialist Karen Hao explains how Facebook’s “algorithm(s)” serve or fail the people who use them. Specifically, the profit motive and a lack of exact and comprehensive knowledge of the algorithm system prevents groundbreaking change from being made.

  • CBS News
  • 2021